• malamahamakua

Close to 30 Toxic Chemicals Will Be Pumped into Our Aquifers



This is a partial list of the hazardous chemicals that will be pumped into our aquifers. Not only are these chemicals hazardous on their own, the cocktail effect, or mixing of these various chemicals, will create unknown dangerous impacts to our coastlines and the people whose livelihoods rely on them. * Sulfamic Acid (product name: “Acid Reagent”) – OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard, "Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects"

* NALCO NexGuard 2230 – “Prevent material from entering sewers or waterways.”

* NALCO Permatreat - “Do not contaminate surface water.”

* Bromcresol Green-Methyl Red Indicator Powder - OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard

* Phenolphthalein Indicator Powder - OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard, Delayed (Chronic) Health Hazard, Contains material which may cause cancer based on animal data

* Sulfuric Acid Standard Solution - OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard

* DPD Free Chlorine Reagent (Salt of N,N-Diethyl-p-Phenylenediamine, Carboxylate Salt, Sodium Phosphate, Dibasic) - OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard, Delayed (Chronic) Health Hazard

* HydraVer 2 Hydrazine Reagent (Sulfuric Acid, p-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde) – causes severe burns, targets lungs, OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard, Delayed (Chronic) Health Hazard

* FerroVer Iron Reagent (Sodium Thiosulfate, 1,10-Phenanthroline-p-toluenesulfonic Acid Salt, Sodium Hydrosulfite, Sodium Citrate,

* Sodium Metabisulfite) - OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard, Delayed (Chronic) Health Hazard

* PhosVer 3 Phosphate Reagent (Potassium Pyrosulfate, Ascorbic Acid, Sodium Molybdate) Target organs: blood, liver - OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard, Delayed (Chronic) Health Hazard

* Amino Acid F, Sodium Metbisulfate - OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard

* Morpholine – “Prevent material from entering sewers and waterways” - OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard

* Carbohydrazide (Hydrazine) – ENVIRONMENTAL PRECAUTIONS: “Do not contaminate surface water.” In clinical tests, showed acute oral toxicity in rats, acute dermal toxicity in rabbits, and primary eye irritation in rabbits - OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard

* NALCO 3D Cooling water treatment – “Do not contaminate surface water, Prevent material from entering sewers or waterways. If drains, streams, soil or sewers become contaminated, notify local authority.” – Acute oral toxicity in rats 5,000 mg/kg; acute dermal toxicity in rabbits over 2,000 mg/kg - OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard

* Sodium Nitrite – “Prevent material from entering sewers or waterways. Spilled product may pose a risk to the aquatic ecosystem if released. If drains, streams, soil or sewers become contaminated, notify local authority.” - OSHA Hazardous substance, EPA Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard, Delayed (Chronic) Health Hazard

* Potassium Hydroxide – “Prevent material from entering sewers and waterways”

* NALCO 3DT120 (Sodium Bisulfite, sulfuric acid) – “Do not contaminate surface water. Prevent material from entering sewers or waterways. If drains, streams, soil or sewers become contaminated, notify local authority.” - Acute oral toxicity in rats 5,000 mg/kg; acute dermal toxicity in rabbits greater than 2,000 mg/kg



Mālama Hāmākua is a group of community members on Hawaiʻi Island and beyond who seek to protect the health of Hawaiʻi Island's Hāmākua coast and her people.

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